He pursues foreign policy that often runs counter to Moscow's lead, while increasing repressive rule and personality cult at home. More than alphabets or rational signs, they are living elements whose meaning requires direct experience of place and commitment to sacred interaction within a specific ecosystem. Along the lines of ex oriente lux, a kind of circular reasoning, stemming from the era of romantic historicism at the beginning of the 19th century, has dominated Mesopotamian studies up to the present.
Marco merlini, director, Prehistory Knowledge Project, rome, Italy. Some of them contain signs and symbols. This author hypothesizes that a similar process took place in the case of an Old European butterfly-pictogram, which grew into an Aegean ideogram that has been interpreted as double-axe.